ISSN NO : 2321-5488
Volume:II Issue:IV October,2014
THE RELATION OF CAUSE AND EFFECT IN INDIAN PHILOSOPHY
Deepak Bakshi
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Causation is not mere succession of cause and effect. Mere antecedence is insufficient to explain the production of effects. It should be a necessary antecedence. The necessary antecedence should not be merely positive but both positive and negative. Two things cannot be said to be causally related unless there is the positive negative relation between them such that the presence of the cause means the presence of the effect. Each effect has only one cause. The confusion leading to acknowledge plurality of causes is on account of our defective analysis. Plurality disappears when by analysis we delimit the zone of effect. The swelling of river caused by rain is different from that caused by partial embankment.

LAW AND SOCIETY
Ajay Ranga
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Definition of Law “Clause (3) defines the terms 'law" and laws in force'. The definition is enumerative rather than substantive, i.e. it mentions some of the normal forms in which the law finds its expression. So understood, the definition mention the following as included in the expression 'laws'.”1.

DETERMINANTS OF FDI IN INDIA
Vipin Kumar
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With the introduction of many market-oriented domestic reforms some countries are granting freer access to inflows of international capital and flows of domestic capital abroad. One of the major attractions in adopting this policy of welcoming international capital is the access a country could have to the vast and growing pool of savings in countries, mostly developed countries, which have not been able to throw up enough opportunities for investments within their own borders.

SECULARISM AND INDIAN CONSTITUTION: AN OVERVIEW
Dyavappa Lalu , P. B. Rathod
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The research scholar tried to show the secularism and Indian constitution which is very necessary to build peaceful society. The article has included about the discussion of secularism and how it acts according to the Indian constitution. The constitution of India has adopted secularism under the article 25th to 28th, here nobody has right to declare their religion as national religion because, India is basically secular state therefore, all religion is treated as equal. The Indian Constitution declared India to be a secular state, as per the 42nd constitutional Amendment in the Preamble of the constitution in 1976. Hence, we the people of India should follow the constitutional values.

RURAL FINANCE: ANALYSIS OF GROWTH OF ORGANISED AGRICULTURE CREDIT
Kempe Gowda. P
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A cultivator is in almost perpetual need of credit both for product ion and consumption. Traditionally his needs were met by the landlord-trader –moneylender complex involving usurious interest rates and other exploitative practices. Official cognizance of his needs goes back to 1793, when the system oftaccavi loans was introduced providing loans at low rates of interest for agricultural improvements, mainly for the digging of wells. During the rule of Lord Mayo 1869-1872), the Land Improvement Act, 1871 was passed. It was amended in 1876 and replaced in 1883 when a more omprehensive legislation was enacted, namely the Land Improvement Loans Act, ‘to consolidate and amend the law relating to loans of money by the Government for agriculture improvements’ which included construction of wells, tanks and other works; preparation of land for irrigation, permanent improvement of land for agricultural purpose and renewal or reconstruction of any of these works. Loans were to be granted on the basis of security of land. Where the amount of loan did not exceed three-fourths of the value of the applicants’ transferable interest in the land after improvements had been made. The rules in most states provided for an interest at the rate of 6.25 per cent per annum. Loans were to be repayable in instalments which could be extended over a period of 35 years depending upon the durability of the work or the purpose for which loan was advanced. Further the Agriculturists’ Loans act was passed in 1884 to provide for the advance of loans to the owners for the agricultural activities.

INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE ON RICE BEER OF THE BODOS OF NORTH EAST INDIA
Biswajit Brahma , Bhanupriya Basumatary and Sukdev Adhikari
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Bodos widely known as Boros have a rich and good knowledge on traditional things whether it is folk medicines or folk foods. They have been accustomed with the tradition since the ancient period and in present days too. They have a well acquainted with the things surrounded to them and skilled in every sphere of works i.e. weaving, hunting, cookery, agriculture and architecture etc. Rice beer or zau that is prepared by cooking of rice is one of cookery which is a skilled work and traditional drinks of the Bodos since the ancient time. Rice beer or zau is used by them for different purposes and in different occasions. It has variety of types according to its taste and flavour and with the rice used for preparation of rice beer. All these types have been inclusive term of zau but have different names with different taste and flavour. Each and every family member of Bodo knows how rice beer is to be prepared as it has been remained as a part of tradition among the community.

STATUS OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN SAHYADRI RESERVE OF MAHARASHTRA
Gade A.D. , Chavan S.M.
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Maharashtra offers quiet and beautiful buffer area of Sahyadri Tiger Reserve. The four tiger reserves i.e. Sahyadri, Melghat, Tadoba and Pench in Maharashtra. At the periphery of the Sanctuary, the area is being actively promoted as a tourism zone by the Government of Maharashtra. Sahyadri Tiger Reserve is including Chandoli National Park and koyana wildlife Sanctuary. Sahyadri Tiger Reserve is the only place where climax and near-climax vegetation is plentiful and prospects. The area is bestowed with several bio-geographical peculiarities. Climax evergreen formation of higher evolutions have been wiped out or highly degraded everywhere in Western Maharashtra except in tiger reserve area, where this type still occupies substantial area. This would create serious environmental problems in the form of increased tourist traffic, water pollution, littering of non-degradable waste and general disturbance. This study suggests that government should take necessary action to guard the valuable resources.

MICRO VIEW STUDY OF MALAIKUDI TRIBE IN KARNATAKA
Radhamani T. R.
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Malaikudi tribe is very small Group in Karnataka. There are located in only two districts (South Kannada and Chikkamagalore) in Karnataka. The malaikudiya have two Small groups One is Godaru another is Baskedaklu. The malaikudi considered to be on consisting of the Kudiya, Malakudi of Kodagu and Chikkamagalore district respectively.

ROLE OF NUTRITION IN MENTAL HELATH AND WELL BEING
Saroj Kothari , Jagdish Buwade
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Nutrition plays an imperative role in mental health and well being. Adequate nutrition is needed for countless aspects of brain functioning. Food and the chemicals in our brain interact to keep us going through the day and it is important to eat a variety of nutritious foods. In recent year’s psychologist have become increasingly aware of the role of nutritious food, adequate diet in preventing and curing mental health related problems (Bell, 1958).The aim of this article is to endow the current knowledge, role of nutrition in the midst of mental health and well being, recommendation of adequate nutrients and their sources.

वारकरी संप्रदाय
बाबुराव दत्तात्रय उपाध्ये
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तेराव्या शतकातील संत वाड:मय मराठी वाड:मयाचे भूषण व प्ररेणास्थान ठरलेले आहे. मध्ययुगीन संत-पंत-तंत वाड:मयने मराठी सारस्वत मंदिराला वैभवाचा दीपस्तंभ दिला आहे. यादवकाळ, बहामनीकाळ, शिवकाळ व पेशवेकाळ अशा राजवटी या कालखंडात होऊन गेल्या.

A STUDY OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION STRESS
Lokhande Ganesh Vishnu
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The objective of the study was to examine the self-actualization stress among boys and girls. Another objective was to examine the self-actualization frustration, self-actualization conflict, self-actualization pressure and self-actualization anxiety among boys and girls. This study was completed on secondary school students in 10th standard. The purposive sampling method was used for the study. The study one hundred fifty students were selected. The study Type of gender was independent variable and self-actualization stress as well as self-actualization frustration, self-actualization conflict, self-actualization pressure and self-actualization anxiety were dependent variables. Bisht Battery of Stress Scales developed by Dr.(Km) Abha Rani Bisht was used for the study.

SURVEY RESEARCH IN POLITICAL SCIENCE
Ashok Shivaji Yakkaldevi
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Overview examination is a real apparatus for offering truths information as a powerful influence for political science speculations (Brady, 2000). The route in which overview scientists do in this way, by gathering information from the few to sum up to the a lot of people, is at the end of the day experiencing a time of significant change. In the last critical time of progress, review examination moved from a dependence on vis-à-vis talking with in respondent homes amid the 1960s to the less expensive and quicker universe of phone reviewing in the 1970s and 1980s.

गाजीपुर जनपद (उ.प्र) में साक्षरता प्रतिरूप का अध्ययन
अजीत कुमार यादव
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प्रस्तुत शोध प्रपत्र गाजीपुर जनपद में साक्षरता प्रतिरूप के विश्लेषणात्मक अध्ययन से सम्बंधित है । अध्ययन क्षेत्र समतल एवं उपजाऊ भूभाग में स्थित होने के कारण यहां जनसंख्या का संकेन्द्रीण पाया जाता है। क्षेत्र में शैक्षणिक सेवाओं का वितरण सभी भागों में पाया जाता है, परन्तु ग्रामीण दूरवर्ती क्षेत्रों में जहां शैक्षणिक सेवाओं की कमी एवं परिवहन सेवाओं का आभाव है। वहां स्त्री-पुरूष साक्षरता अधिक पाया जाता है। इस अन्तराल को कम करने के लिए स्त्री-पुरूष को एक समान दृ-ष्टी से देखे जाने की आवश्यकता है।

PRESENT SEENARIO IN URBAN CO-OPERATIVE CREDIT SOCIETIES IN MAHARASHTRA.
K. B. Kore
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Urban Credit Co-operative Societies are one of the important constituents of the banking system of the country. They are relatively small banks in the co-operative sector primarily catering to the needs of persons of moderate and small means. These UCCS basically aim at (i) promotion of thrift/economy and mobilization of savings from the community they serve; (ii) provision of credit mainly to small borrowers and (iii) provision of banking and other subsidiary services to the customers.

WOMAN & RETAILS SHOPS
Rajana Bansude
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In India, rate of working ladies is expanding in the work power. Their perspective in acquiring choice is currently more essential than some time recently. At the same time number of composed retailers in India has expanded fundamentally. Accordingly living up to expectations ladies shopping conduct and their impact on retailing can't be denied. This has incited us to figure out demeanor of ladies towards composed retailing and sloppy retailing and further looking at the same on the premise chose components of retailing.

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