ISSN NO : 2321-5488
Volume:II Issue:III September,2014
EXPOSITION OF MALE DOMINATION IN KAMALA DAS'S MY STORY
Manohar P. Joshi
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Kamla Das was born on 31st March 1934 in Punnayurkulam, the then Malbar district belonging to the Madras Presidency. Her pen name was Madhavikkutty. Her father was V.M.Nair, who was former editor of Mathrubhumi, a periodical and later on he became a senior officer of Walford Transport Company in the erstwhile Calcutta. Kamla's mother was Balamani Amma, who had reasonable poetic talents. At the age of 15 Kamla was married to K. Madhav Das, an officer, Reserve Bank of India in Bombay1. This marriage gave rise to three sons- Madhav Das Nalpat, Chinnen Das and Jayasurya Das.

A STUDY ON CHALLENGES FACED BY ONLINE SHOPPERS IN HYDERABAD
D. Prasanna Kumar and K. Venkateswara Raju
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India's e-commerce market grew at a staggering 88 per cent in 2013 to $ 16 billion, riding on booming online retail trends and defying slower economic growth and spiraling inflation, according to a survey by industry body Assocham. The increasing Internet penetration and availability of more payment options boosted the e-commerce industry in 2013. Besides electronics gadgets, apparel and jewellery, home and kitchen appliances, lifestyle accessories like watches, books, beauty products and perfumes, baby products witnessed significant upward movement in last one year. According to a survey, India's e-commerce market, which stood at $2.5 billion in 2009, reached $8.5 billion in 2012 and rose 88 per cent to touch $16 billion in 2013. The survey estimates the country's e-commerce market to reach $56 billion by 2023, driven by rising online retail. As per responses by 3,500 traders and organized retailers in Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Ahmedabad and Kolkata who participated in the survey, online shopping grew at a rapid pace in 2013 due to aggressive online discounts, rising fuel prices and availability of abundant online options. This study will be helpful to gain insights into the problems faced by online shoppers.

ICT USE IN TEACHER EDUCATION
Saheb Ali H. Niragudi
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The 21st Century could well be known as the age of learning. When Reliance came into the market and said, “the entire world is in our fist” it was declared to be the age if ICT (Information Communication Technology) and ICE (Information Communication Entertainment). The transition from 20th to 21 Century education is still underway. Incorporating technology into standards, curricula instruction, and assessment – and ensuring alignment between each of these areas – is a complex endeavor.

‘आवाँ’ उपन्यास में चित्रित नारीजीवन की समस्याएँ
रावसाहेब जाधव
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नारी समाज का एक महत्त्वपूर्ण स्तम्भ है | उसका समाज निर्माण में महत्त्वपूर्ण योगदान है | नारी और पुरुष मिलकर परिवार का निर्माण करते है | अनेक परिवारो से समुदाय और अनेक समुदायों से मिलकर एक सामाजिक संरचना का ताना – बाना बुना जाता है | विश्व इतिहास इसका साक्षी है कि संस्कृति की नींव डालने का श्रेया भी सर्वप्रथम नारी को ही दिया जाता है | लेकिन नारी पग-पग पर शोषित और अपमानित हो रही है |

LIC POLICY HOLDINGS AND NUMBER OF DEPENDENTS
Ashok S. Banne , Sarang S. Bhola
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Life insurance has become one of the necessities of human life. It offers financial security to the policyholder and/or his/her dependents in the event of his premature death or accidental disability. As death of the bread earner creates severe financial problem before the dependents and as the permanent physical or mental disability also create even more severe financial problems for them adequate financial provision in the form of different life policies is essential. One life policy may not be suitable for all individuals therefore out of different life insurance policies an individual takes out a suitable combination of policies depending up on his financial needs. Number of dependents in the family is one of the important factors in buying decision about the number and types of life policies. The present research has made an attempt to assess the relationship between types of policy holdings and dependents. The research revealed that whole life and endowment policies are more favoured by the samples with zero dependents, with one dependent, with two dependents and with four dependents.

EVALUATION OF VEGETATION COVER IN CHAMARAJANAGAR DISTRICT USING NDVI TECHNIQUE
Jayashree , B.Mahalingam and Arun Kumar S.
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The present study has conducted to find out the changes of vegetation cover in the Chamarajanagar district in Karnataka. The remotely sensed data has been obtained from the concern source has been used adopting NDVI technique to find out the changes in vegetation. The result of study shows the vegetation cover in the study area has been decreasing slowly.

CONTROL OF MOSQUITO POPULATION BY DRAGONFLY NYMPH
Mohsin Khan
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The efficient selection of natural enemies has become increasingly important success of biological control programs. In India has about 600 known species of dragonfly among the various predators of mosquito larvae. The failure of traditional vector control operation through chemical insecticides renewed interest in biological control method. In present investigation dragonfly nymph has been proved to a strong bio- control agent mosquito larvae in laboratory condition. Dragonfly nymph and mosquito larvae both the breed in fresh water or fresh water habitat. Larvaecidal efficiency of dragonfly nymph as a aquatic predators is tested in laboratory level. Dragonflies nymph eat at least about 50 mosquito larvae per hour among the various predators of mosquito larvae dragonfly are more safe for human being. Because they control of diseases cause by mosquito and maintaining water quality and eat microorganism such as zooplankton and phytoplankton. These are sensitive the different chemical if there is changing water quality because pollutant entering the water . Hence dragonflies are more safe for human being and also their economical application. There if awareness is created in people to use of thin kind of biological control the population of mosquito and other microorganism may be decreases and control the various diseases. And also maintaining the water quality.

ADMINISTRATIVE MACHINERY UNDER CHATTRAPATI SHIVAJI
Sanjeevkumar T. Tandle , K. Mahesh
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Besides being a daring soldier and a successful military conqueror, Shivaji treid to provide his kingdom with a good system of administration. Borrowing certain administrative practices from the Deccan sultanate, he evolved for the Marathas a system of governance in which his central administrationwas known as the ashtapradhan system. His kingdom consisted of territories known as the swarajya and the mughalai. Swarajya referred to the areas where his system of administration was implemented, while the mughalai territory fell outside the swarajya and was subject to Maratha and other external raids from time to time. To protect people living in the mughalai areas against any external invasions, a contribution was taken in the form of the chauth; and to safeguard them against Maratha attacks the sardeshmukhi was imposed. The levying of these taxes was very similar to the imposition of the jiziya, since all these taxes were punitive in nature and offered protection in return for revenue. In this context the present article deals with the study of administrative system during Shivaji Maharaj.

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA
M. P. Deshmukh
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The Indian government's policies have always emphasized food grain self-sufficiency, which has not necessarily coincided with agricultural sustainability. The growth of agricultural production and productivity, which had risen significantly during 1970s and 1980s, declined during 1990s.

PROFESSOR BRIJ NARAIN ON THE FOOD PRICES OF THE PUNJAB 1901-1920
Gurjot Kaur
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Professor Brij Narain, an economist by Profession, made significant contribution to the analysis of food prices in the Punjab under colonial rule. Professor Brij Narain making use of both official and unofficial publications tried to analyze the rapid rise of prices of food grains.

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF HAND GRIP AND SHOULDER GIRDLE STRENGTH AMONG INTERCOLLEGE LEVEL CRICKET, BASEBALL AND SOFTBALL PLAYERS
Amandeep Singh , Vishaw Gaurav
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The aim of the study was to compare the hand grip and shoulder girdle strength among cricket, baseball and softball players. A sample of thirty six (N = 36) male intercollege level players (mean ± SD: age 20.53 ± 0.97 years, height 181.33 ± 3.43 cm, weight 74.03 ± 3.95 kg, BMI 22.52 ± 1.40), which includes twelve each cricket, baseball and softball players, who participated in inter-college competitions of Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India, was selected. All the participants were informed about aim and methodology of the study and they volunteered to participate in this study. All the participants were assessed for height, weight, hand grip strength and shoulder girdle strength. The height of the subjects was measured with anthropometric rod to the nearest 0.5 cm. The weight of subjects was measured by using portable weighing machine to the nearest 0.5 kg. A calibrated hand grip dynamometer with adjustable grip was used to measure right & left hand grip strength in kg whereas shoulder girdle strength was measured by medicine ball throw. One way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was applied to find out the significance of differences with regard to hand grip strength and shoulder girdle strength among inter-college level cricket, baseball and softball players. Scheffe's post-hoc test (SPHT) was applied to see the direction and significance of differences where 'F' value found statistically significant. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Significant differences were found between inter- college level cricket, baseball and softball players with regard to hand grip strength (p? 0.05) and shoulder girdle strength (p? 0.05) respectively. While comparing the means, it revealed that baseball players had better right & left hand grip strength as well as shoulder girdle strength than their counterparts; cricket and softball players.

THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF FAIR CENTRES IN JALNA DISTRICT
S. H. Gone , Ishwar Dashrath Mhaslekar
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In the study region fair centres have distinct characteristics and they scattered in district in various manner. These fair centres influenced by physical as well as socioeconomical factors and these factors determines distributional pattern of fair centres. Present research paper deals with Tahsilwise distributional scenario of fair centres.

RARE OF MICRO FINANCE AND POVERTY REDUCTION
N.Madhavan
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One among the goals of millennium development goals is poverty reduction. Poverty is not so easy to wipe from the society; if the citizens who are in that state should come up to wipe off their own state of poverty. Poverty needs a therapeutic mission with a strategic vision. Urbanization swelling is the mishap of twentieth century, re-ruralization and its development alone can foster the nation despite of its geographical location. As a step of poverty reduction the microfinance failed at the deepest villages of the nation. Really speaking we are to evaluate objectively these related processes in micro finance. At the present moment the micro finance become an umbrella for shade to the micro financiers but not to the last needy citizen. Micro finance is not successful to the significant level. Self-help group are becoming the victims of the process of microfinance.

Tribal women development - Problems and Challenges
Radhamani T. R.
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MAHESH DATTANI'S EK ALAG MAUSAM: A CALL FOR LOVE AND HUMANITY
Rishi A. Thakar
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Mahesh Dattani's Ek Alag Mausam emphatically articulate the inarticulate to express the 'silence' of those who are the victims par excellence of the social apathy, indifference of fate and disgrace born out of human attitude. In the play, Dattani exhibits his protest against the irrational control of social conventions which do not permit an individual to make an innate response to the call of humanity. The play Ek Alag Mausam is the story of the emotional sensibility of two HIV positives. However, Ek Alag Mausam is a play with a message. It is not a question of the love of two people but it is a question of love with life. Dattani tries to proclaim that the misfortune of being marginalized as HIV positive can't crush the desire to live. Society can't leave an individual to die in shame and isolation for those reasons which are beyond the conscious control of man.

THE PACE OF FINANCIAL DEEPENING AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN INDIA
Vipin Kumar
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The paper gives insight into the relationship between financial deepening and economic growth by testing supply leading condition and demand following condition. The results may be used for policy determination of the government. In the liberalization period (1980-95) financial deepening causes economic growth, but post liberalization period, (1995- 2010) there is no causal relationship between these two variables. The implication is that when the pace of financial deepening is very high and severe it affects economic growth. But when the pace of financial deepening is low, financial deepening does not granger cause economic growth. However, there might be some long run association between financial deepening. Accordingly, Government should not only focus on financial deepening, but also on the pace offinancial deepening to boost economic growth.

THE SOCIOLOGY OF CONSUMER BEHAVIOR
Ashok Shivaji Yakkaldevi
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The social science of shopper conduct is currently appreciating a renaissance of investment. In a prior time of American humanism, especially in the years quickly previously, then after the fact World War II, purchaser conduct was basically overlooked. While buyers were specified in right on time group studies (Lynd and Lynd 1937; Warner and Lunt 1941), few articles on customer conduct showed up in expert diaries. Established scholars were surely not at deficiency; they cleared out a rich legacy of sociological hypothesis: Simmel ([1904] 1957) written work on design, Marx ([1867] 1990) on ware fetishism, Weber ([1922] 1959) on status bunches, Veblen ([1899] 1953) on arresting utilization. Handbooks distributed up through the 1980s kept on examining conventional sociological concerns identified with governmental issues, freak conduct, and race relations (Merton, Broom, and Cottrell 1959; Faris 1964; Smelser 1988). At the same time buyer conduct was not said whatsoever.

RELIGIOUS FUNDAMENTALISM, TERRORISM & INDO-PAK RELATIONS
Arvinder Singh
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The Religious terrorism is an offshoot of religious fanaticism. Religious extremists interpret the religious texts to justify the use of violent means to achieve their socio-religious and political objectives. In the present day world, Islamic fundamentalist groups pose a serious threat to the global peace and order. In the post World War-II period, governments and foreign policy makers in the different parts of the world began to sponsor, motivate and train the religious fundamentalists and terrorist groups to weaken their enemies. Since her independence, India is a victim of religious terrorism. Pakistan supports the terrorist activities in India.

LEADERSHIP TRAINING CAMP FOR PHYSICAL EDUCATION STUDENTS
Baiju Abraham
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Camping means hard life living in and with nature. It is a way of life followed by our ancestors in primitive times. Our ancestors in primitive time lived in open-air camps, which provided them with experience that the modern man lacks. Modern camping is more of an organized nature. It provides children with the opportunity to live, work and play in a group situation, to obtain experience and insight into many of the basic processes of life and to receive guidance from a leader period of time.

EVALUATION OF GRADING SYSTEM
Janak L. Makavana
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Evaluation gives an important yard stick to judge the quality of students. It plays a vital role in the educational system. It also offers motivation and a sense of purpose to both teachers and students to achieve set goals. The word examination has come to be associated with stress and anxiety. The practice of teaching and learning which is thought to be meaningful for the student loses its joy because of these negative connotations of examination.

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION
G. J. Raut
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The emotional development of the student starts with his very birth. It Is necessary for him to balance the emotional development along with the intellectual development. The emotional development of the student depends upon his surrounding atmosphere, school, curriculum etc.

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